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About Everything Wiki » Author's Column » 7 women who have made a serious contribution to the film industry

7 women who have made a serious contribution to the film industry

16 Jan 2024, 00:04, parser
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Our heroines include female directors, screenwriters, cameramen and costume designers. All of them have made a serious contribution to the development of the film industry — and that's exactly how.

1. Alice Guy is the first female director

Alice Guy, a Frenchwoman, worked as the secretary of Leon Gaumont, the manager of a company that manufactures photographic equipment. Later, the company became known as Gaumont. Together with her boss, she was invited to a screening of the Lumiere brothers' film "Workers Leaving the Factory." After that, the company acquired a patent for a chronophotograph, and Alice began working on demonstration films that showed the possibilities of film technology.

Almost immediately, the girl realized that this potential could be used to create not only documentaries, but also artistic works. In 1896, she wrote the script and directed La fée aux choux / IMDb his first feature film in the genre of feature films "The Cabbage Fairy, or the Birth of children". It is considered the first fantasy film in history. The timing of the film was one minute, and for those times it was the standard.

The picture immediately became popular, and Alice Guy was appointed head of the company's film production. She has worked in this position for 10 years. In her next films, she experimented with innovative film techniques at that time: double exposure, reverse video playback, split screen and others.

2. Maya Deren — "the mother of the American avant-garde"

Maya Deren was born in the Russian Empire, and later moved with her parents to the United States. She studied literature at New York University. Subsequently, she married the Czech director Alexander Hammid, met prominent representatives of surrealism: Andre Breton, Marcel Duchamp, who later influenced her work.

In 1943, together with Alexander Hammid, she shot her first film, the silent short film "Midday Networks" with a budget of only $275. However, the tape had a serious impact on the development of the American avant-garde. In 1947, she received Monique Peyrière. Maya Deren et les sciences sociales : quand le cinéma expérimental prend l’avantage sur le documentaire pour affronter la réalité du monde International Prize for Experimental Film in Cannes.

And a few decades later, David Lynch was inspired by the "Midday Networks". He used techniques, camera angles, and camera movements from there in his films "Highway to Nowhere" and "Mulholland Drive".

3. Edith Head is the most Oscar—winning costume designer

Edith Head was originally a French teacher. Director Cecil Blount Demille brought her to the world of cinema: he invited Edith to the set at Paramount Studios. There she found out about a costume designer's vacancy and, thanks to her perseverance, got a position.

Throughout her career, the artist has worked Edith Head’s legend endures / Los Angeles Times in total in 1,131 paintings. She dressed such famous actors as Audrey Hepburn, Marlene Dietrich, Paul Newman, Elvis Presley, Marilyn Monroe and others. She worked in tandem with Hitchcock and created costumes for 11 of his films.

As a result, such efficiency bore fruit: Edith Head received Edith Head / IMDb 35 Oscar nominations and 8 wins in the Best Costume Design category.

4. Agnes Varda — harbinger of the French new wave

Agnes' interest in cinema began with photography — she studied it at the School of Fine Arts, and then entered the Louvre School.

The first film "Pointe Cours" was shot by a girl Varda, la vérité d’une femme / le genre & l’écran for a friend: he was ill and could not return to his village, so he asked to capture it on film. The main characters were professional actors, but the secondary characters were played by ordinary villagers.

Agnes did not even suspect that in the end the project would become a cult thanks to the unusual mix of genres of documentary and feature films, and she herself would be called Agnès Varda obituary / The Guardian a harbinger of the French new wave.

5. Katherine Bigelow is the first female director to win an Oscar

Catherine was an artist and studied film theory and criticism while studying at Columbia University. She shot her first short film "Setting Up" in 1978. Unfortunately, the painting did not become popular. However, after her, Bigelow made a number of other films. Among them is the mystical thriller "It's Almost Dark", which made Catherine famous. The painting has acquired the status of a cult The New Cult Canon: Near Dark / A. V. Club .

However, the most notable success in Catherine's career is the film "The Lord of the Storm". She got a for it Kathryn Bigelow Awards / IMDb "Oscar", becoming the first woman to win this award in the nomination "Best Director". Bigelow's main contribution to the development of cinematography is an unconventional reflection of the theme of violence through a mixture of genres. She explores aggression and its causes, rejecting cliched perception.

6. Sofia Coppola is the youngest female director nominated for an Oscar

The daughter of the legendary Francis Ford Coppola began acting in her father's paintings as a child. She played in several of his films, but did not receive much fame. And for the role of Mary Corleone in the third part of The Godfather, she was criticized at all. As a result, after appearing in two more films, Sofia ended her acting career.

Later, Sofia Coppola became known as a director. At the age of 32, she directed the film "Translation Difficulties", which received Translation difficulties / IMDb "Oscar". So the girl acquired the status of Sofia Coppola / IMDb the youngest female director to be awarded this award, and her film was included in the list of the 100 greatest films of the XXI century according to the BBC.

Over the years, Coppola has developed her own author's style: long shots, close-ups, a minimum number of dialogue scenes. Instead of the latter, the director focuses on detailed visualization and working with light.

7. Greta Gerwig is the first woman with a billion dollars at the box office

Greta Gerwig's film career began with roles in comedy films. For a long time, the girl developed as an actress and even received a number of awards for her work — for example, the Golden Globe Greta Gerwig Awards / IMDb " for his role in the film "Sweet Frances". In parallel with the filming, she wrote scripts and co-wrote many films.

Gerwig is considered the star of mumblecore - films — low-budget pictures that differ in natural dialogues. At the same time, professional actors do not participate in them. At first, Gerwig starred in several films of this subgenre, and then she became a co-author of the film "Nights and Weekends".

However, Greta's directorial debut is the film "Lady Bird", which has received worldwide recognition. He was nominated Lady Bird Awards / IMDb has won many awards and has not received a single negative review. After that, Gerwig shot two more successful films: "Little Women" and "Barbie". The last one collected ‘Barbie’ Surpasses $1 Billion Globally After 17 Days of Release / Variety $1 billion at the box office and made Greta the first female director to do this.

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