Try not to delay washing and get rid of the stain as soon as it is found. The longer the rust lives on clothes, the more difficult it is to remove it.
Do not rush to grab for chlorine-based bleach. He can only lighten the stain, leaving yellow or brown streaks in its place. Also, do not use cleaning products for plumbing. They may remove rust, but the probability of spoiling the fabric is too high.
Expensive items or clothes made of delicate fabrics like silk should be given to the dry cleaner right away and not take any risks. Experts will choose a way to get rid of rust, taking into account the characteristics of the material, so as not to spoil the clothes.
If you plan to use stain remover, acids or other aggressive products, do not forget to wear gloves to protect the skin of your hands.
These products can only be used on white fabrics. They have a more intense effect on the material, and colored clothes may lose their color.
Mix citric acid with water at the rate of 1 teaspoon per 1 cup of liquid. Pour the solution into an enameled saucepan. You should not take metal dishes, otherwise the acid will react chemically with it. Place the container on the stove, heat the liquid to 50-60 degrees and remove from the heat. You do not need to bring it to a boil.
Dip the soiled clothes into the heated solution and leave for 15-20 minutes. Then take out the things, rinse them thoroughly first in cold water with a couple of drops of ammonia, and then in regular water. There will be no trace of the stains.
In an enameled bowl, pour 1 cup (250 ml) of water and 2 tablespoons (30 ml) of 70 percent acetic essence. Heat the liquid to 65 degrees and remove from the stove. Dip the pieces of clothing with rust stains into the solution for 5 minutes.
After that, prepare the mixture for rinsing. In 2 liters of water at room temperature, stir 1 tablespoon of ammonia, it will help neutralize the effect of acid. Rinse the item in this solution, and then wash it as usual.
Place the item on a flat surface. Place a piece of clean white cloth under the spot. Moisten a cotton pad with a 3-6% solution of hydrogen peroxide and attach it to the rusty trace. You can not use cotton wool, but just pour a little bit of the product directly on the stain. To enhance the effect, pour a little baking soda on top. Wait 30-60 minutes, rinse off the remnants of the mixture from the cloth and wash the thing with detergent.
With dyed fabrics, you need to be careful and do not use products with a bleaching effect. For colored things, there are more gentle ways to get rid of rust, which, by the way, can also be used for white clothes.
Squeeze out the juice of one lemon. For small spots, half a citrus will be enough. Generously moisten the rust mark and cover this place with double-folded gauze or a piece of cotton cloth. Iron it with a hot iron 2-3 times until the lemon juice is not completely dry. However, take into account the characteristics of the material and do not set the temperature of the device too high for synthetic or delicate fabrics.
Rinse the spot where the stain was with water. If traces of rust still remain, the procedure can be repeated. And then wash the thing as usual.
Grind ordinary white chalk into a powder and mix it with glycerin in equal proportions. Apply the resulting paste to the rust stain and rub lightly into the cloth. Leave the product on your clothes for a day, and then wash the thing in a typewriter or manually with detergent.
Mix 9% vinegar and table salt in equal proportions so that you get a thick mush. Apply the product to the stain, rubbing it a little into the fabric. After half an hour, rinse this place with water. If the rust does not come out, repeat the procedure. And then don't forget to wash the thing.