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About Everything Wiki » Survival » What to do in case of fire in a building, train, ship and airplane

What to do in case of fire in a building, train, ship and airplane

21 Jan 2024, 12:05, parser
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Actions in case of fire in a building

1. If you see a fire just starting, try to extinguish it with a fire extinguisher or other improvised means: cover with a thick blanket, cover with sand, fill with water. But never put out burning wiring and appliances connected to the mains with water. This is extremely dangerous.

2. Call the fire department or ask someone to do it for you. In Russia, call 01 from a landline phone, 101 from a mobile phone. In Ukraine and Belarus — by calling 101 from a landline or mobile phone.

3. If you realize that you cannot cope with the fire, immediately leave the room. Try to get the people inside out of the building or at least warn them about the fire.

Do not risk yourself for valuables and other property.

4. Choose the safest escape route possible. Do not use elevators during a fire. Go down the stairs only.

5. If a fire catches you in a school, hospital, university or other public building, you will most likely be able to find an evacuation plan on the walls. If necessary, use it.

6. Don't run at random. Before opening a closed door in a burning building, touch it with the back of your hand. If you feel warmth with your hand, do not open it: there is a fire behind it.

7. If the flame cuts off the way to the exit:

  • Go to the room farthest from the fire, close all the doors tightly behind you. Open the window (do not do this if there is already something burning in the room) or go out on the balcony and try to attract people's attention by shouting for help. When they see you, they'll call the fire department.
  • If possible, plug the cracks between the floor and the door with a wet cloth, turn off the electricity and turn off the gas.
  • If the room fills with smoke, breathe through a damp cloth. Check if the doors are tightly closed and lean out the open window. If there is no access to it or a stream of smoke is pouring through the window, stay as close to the floor as possible.

8. If the fire has engulfed the room, try to get out of the window using sheets or other improvised means as ropes. As a last resort, jump out into the street, but remember: rescuers do not recommend jumping from a height exceeding two floors.

Actions in case of fire in transport

On a ground train

1. If you notice a fire, report the emergency to the conductor or contact the driver via intercom. Follow the instructions you received.

2. If it was not possible to talk to the staff, go to the next car with the rest of the people and inform the other conductors about the fire.

3. As a last resort, use a stopcock and leave the stopped train through doors or windows, helping the rest of the passengers.

In the subway

1. If a fire catches you in a subway car, try to eliminate the fire. Close the windows, breathe through a cloth, use a fire extinguisher or other improvised means: thick clothing and alcohol-free drinks.

2. Use the intercom to inform the driver about the situation.

3. If the fire gets out of control, move away from it, go down and wait for it to stop. Do not use a stopcock: the train is moving at high speed and you will quickly get to the station where you can get help.

4. If the train gets stuck in the middle of the tunnel, wait for the driver to inform you that the tracks are de-energized. Squeeze out or break the windows and leave the carriage, helping the others. Then head between the rails in the direction of the train movement.

On the ship

1. If you find a fire on the ship, immediately inform the crew members.

2. Follow the captain's commands. If necessary, passengers will be ordered to leave their cabins on deck to the lifeboats via ship's radio or other means. When you go out, stay calm and help the others.

3. If possible, get a life jacket or a circle from the crew members.

4. If the exit is cut off by fire or blocked, close the cabin door tightly, break the window glass and try to get out. If you find yourself in a dead end, call other passengers on your mobile phone, if possible, and ask for help. As a last resort, wrap your head and body with a wet cloth and try to break through the smoke and fire.

On the plane

1. If you are the first to discover a fire on board, inform the crew members as soon as possible. Do not panic and follow the instructions received from the staff.

2. To protect the respiratory tract from smoke, use a cloth soaked in any non-flammable liquid.

3. Do not try to break the window glass or open the door during the flight: this may lead to cabin depressurization and an accident.

4. After waiting for an emergency landing, go to the exit near the wing on command. Don't push. If the aisle in the cabin is filled with people, move through the seats.

5. Do not think about valuable things, save your own and other people's lives.

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