New Articles
Windows 11 users have discovered a funny bug that benefits older computers....
It's easy to turn off the transmission — we tell you how to do it....
Such photos have been taken by models and social media users for a long time,...
A famous musician? A schoolteacher? Mom? Tell us about the people you looked up...
Thanks to the instructions of Artyom Kozoriz, you can cope no worse than a...
5 interesting exercises that will help you develop flexibility....
From "Starship Troopers" and "The Matrix" to...
The return of Garfield and Mufasa, the new Transformers and the Lord of the...
About Everything Wiki » Self-Development » Property tax: why it has grown and how to deal with it

Property tax: why it has grown and how to deal with it

03 May 2023, 16:51, parser
0 comments    0 Show

What has changed at all?

A few days ago, many people received notifications about the payment of real estate tax. But not everyone understood why they have such sky-high numbers. It's all about changes in tax legislation.

On January 1, 2015, a law came into force adding a new chapter to the Tax Code "Personal Property tax". According to it, all regions will start collecting taxes on real estate by 2020, based on its cadastral value. Previously, the tax was calculated based on the inventory value.

The cadastral value is considered to be as close as possible to the market value, while the inventory value is the opposite. If the tax calculated under the new system turned out to be higher than calculated under the old one, then a special formula applies. If the system has been introduced in your region since 2015, then in 2016 you pay 20% of the new tax, in 2017 — 40%, in 2018 — 60%, in 2019 — 80%, in 2020 and subsequent years - 100%.

What are these costs and what is the difference between them?

Inventory value is the cost of housing according to the BTI assessment, based on factors important for the maintenance of real estate. These are the area, communal amenities, the quality of the structure and the year of construction, as well as the cost of construction materials and services at the time of evaluation.

Cadastral value — the cost of housing according to the state assessment, obtained on the basis of market information, including for tax purposes. It takes into account the condition of the housing stock, location, infrastructure and other significant factors.

The inventory value is often lower than the market value. The cadastral value is provided for maximum compliance with the market price. But due to the fact that cadastral valuation is carried out massively, and not for each specific real estate object, it may be higher than the market.

From 2020, the collection of tax on the inventory value will not be carried out.

How do I find out the cadastral value?

  • Look in the cadastral passport. If it is issued after 2012, a new one can be obtained from the Cadastral Chamber or the MFC.
  • View in open data on the Rosreestr website. This can be done using a search form or a public map. The information taken from open access is for informational purposes and has no legal force.

The state cadastral revaluation of land is carried out regularly. To get the most up-to-date information, use online sources.

How to reduce the cadastral value?

The cadastral value can be challenged in two cases:

  • if incorrect information was used when evaluating the property;
  • if the cadastral value is higher than the market value.

If one or both grounds are present, you can challenge the cadastral value in several ways:

  • Via commission. Send an application for a revision of the cadastral value to the Rosreestr commission in your region. Attach to it documents confirming the presence of an error (official papers that contain the correct information about the property, or an independent assessment of its value).
  • Through the court. To do this, a statement of claim is submitted to the local Rosreestr office responsible for the cadastral valuation of your property, with all the necessary documents attached.

Details can be found from the explanatory video of the Rosreestr.

For eight months of this year, the claims of 90% of the plaintiffs in disputes on the determination of cadastral value in court were satisfied.

What are the tax rates?

The tax rate is a percentage of the cadastral value of the property that you need to pay to the state.

Specific information for your region can be found on the website of the Federal Tax Service.

For example, the following tax rates are determined for an apartment in Moscow:

  • at a price of up to 10 million rubles — 0.1%;
  • from 10 to 20 million rubles — 0.15%;
  • from 20 to 50 million rubles — 0.2%;
  • over 50 million rubles — 0.3%;
  • over 300 million rubles — 2%.

What are the deductions?

The deduction in this case is the established size of the area of the property, which is not taxed.

When calculating the tax based on the cadastral value, the following deductions are provided:

  • for rooms — 10 square meters;
  • for apartments — 20 square meters;
  • for residential buildings — 50 square meters.

Larger deductions may be set in your region.

If the size of the property is less than the deduction amount, the latter is not taken into account when calculating the tax.

And the benefits?

Benefits have not changed. Exempt from paying tax on one real estate object:

  • pensioners;
  • participants of the Great Patriotic War and military operations;
  • chernobyl victims;
  • disabled people of the first and second groups;
  • military personnel who have served for 20 years or more;
  • retired with similar experience;
  • other categories provided for by law.

How to calculate the tax yourself?

You can do this on the website of the Federal Tax Service by specifying the cadastral number of the property.

Who has already been affected by the changes?

This year, receipts with new taxes for 2015 will come to residents of the following regions:

  • Moscow;
  • Moscow region;
  • Republic of Bashkortostan;
  • Republic of Buryatia;
  • Republic of Ingushetia;
  • Karachay-Cherkess Republic;
  • Komi Republic;
  • Republic of Mordovia;
  • Republic of Tatarstan;
  • Udmurt Republic;
  • Amur region;
  • Arkhangelsk region;
  • Vladimir region;
  • Ivanovo region;
  • Magadan region;
  • Nizhny Novgorod region;
  • Novgorod region;
  • Novosibirsk region;
  • Penza region;
  • Pskov region;
  • Ryazan region;
  • Samara region;
  • Sakhalin region;
  • Tver region;
  • Trans-Baikal Territory;
  • Yaroslavl region;
  • Khanty-Mansiysk JSC.

The current list of regions with a new tax system is available on the website of the Federal Tax Service of Russia. The rest of the country will join before 2020.

Instagram Facebook and social networks belonging to Meta Platforms Inc. are prohibited from operating in the territory of the Russian Federation.

reload, if the code cannot be seen