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About Everything Wiki » Health » What is avian flu and why quarantine was introduced in some areas of Moscow

What is avian flu and why quarantine was introduced in some areas of Moscow

29 May 2023, 13:54, parser
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What is avian flu

Avian influenza is a type A influenza virus strain that causes Bird Flu / Cleveland Clinic infection mainly in wild waterfowl. Poultry and other animals may be infected less often. But sometimes these viruses mutate and become dangerous to humans. These are, for example, strains A(H5N1), A(H7N9) and A(H9N2). Then an infection begins in people, which can occur easily, and can lead to death.

The world has been going on for a couple of years What you need to know about the avian influenza outbreak / Mayo Clinic a large outbreak among wild and domestic birds, as well as wild mammals — foxes, minks and bears. So far there have been only 10 cases of human disease, but the virus mutates unpredictably, it must be monitored and not transmitted to humans.

Therefore, on May 18, the Southern Administrative District of Moscow introduced In Moscow, quarantine was introduced in several territories due to avian flu / TASS quarantine in the areas adjacent to Borisovsky Pond: sick birds were found there and are now being carried out prevention to prevent infection of people.

Restrictions do not concern residents much: it is impossible to visit a part of the adjacent territory, which is considered a hearth, as well as to import and export birds, hold agricultural fairs and harvest food.

How people get infected with avian flu

Avian influenza viruses spread Questions and answers on avian influenza / ECDC wild birds that fly long distances. They secrete the virus with feces. And already domestic birds and other animals interact with them, for example rodents.

People usually become infected through close contact with infected birds and animals. Agricultural workers, hunters and poachers who illegally sell poultry and poultry products are at risk. The virus enters the respiratory tract with air or gets into the eyes from the hands.

Avian flu is transmitted from person to person Bird Flu Virus Infections in Humans / CDC is extremely rare and does not lead to an outbreak. But viruses can mutate, so epidemiologists are closely monitoring any cases.

How can avian flu be dangerous

Most avian influenza viruses are not dangerous to humans. Some still infect Questions and answers on avian influenza / ECDC people, but the disease proceeds easily: the temperature rises or conjunctivitis begins. But several types, in particular A(H5N1), A(H5N6) and A(H7N9), cause severe disease. Mortality due to them reaches 50%.

It must be understood that the virus mutates very quickly, so it is difficult to predict what will happen to a person when infected. So it's better to try to avoid it.

How will I understand that I have bird flu

Does someone have a disease at all Bird Flu Virus Infections in Humans / CDC is asymptomatic. In others, signs of avian flu appear already on the 3rd-5th day after contact. Some of them coincide with the symptoms of any other flu:

  • very high temperature;
  • fever or chills;
  • muscle pain;
  • headache;
  • cough or shortness of breath.

In addition, it can be:

  • diarrhea;
  • nausea;
  • chest and abdominal pain;
  • nosebleed;
  • bleeding gums;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • convulsions.

What symptoms should I call an ambulance for

There are no special signs, please pay Influenza (flu) / Mayo Clinic attention to the same symptoms as with other types of flu:

  • shortness of breath or shortness of breath;
  • chest pain;
  • ongoing dizziness;
  • convulsions;
  • deterioration of the condition;
  • severe weakness or muscle pain.

In children, the following are considered dangerous signs:

  • shortness of breath;
  • blue lips, skin and nails or their coloring in gray;
  • chest pain;
  • dehydration;
  • severe muscle pain;
  • convulsions;
  • deterioration of the condition.

How to treat avian flu

If you do not have any dangerous signs from the previous paragraph, then if you suspect bird flu, you will be asked to stay at home and start taking Bird flu / NHS antiviral medicine based on oseltamivir. It will help reduce the severity of the condition and prevent complications. It can also be prescribed to your family members to prevent infection.

The rest of the recommendations are no different Bird Flu / Cleveland Clinic from other acute respiratory infections: rest, sleep, drink more fluids, if necessary, take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs.

How not to get bird flu

The seasonal flu vaccine does not protect against avian flu. There is OrniFlu® (OrniFlu) / Vidal a special bird flu vaccination, but it is given only for epidemic indications to people in the focus of the disease. In addition, is registered in Russia AviFluVak avian influenza vaccine has been registered in Russia / Rosselkhoznadzor vaccine for birds that live on poultry farms and farms.

If you do not usually come into contact with birds, then to avoid infection with avian flu, observe Bird flu / NHS these recommendations:

  • wash your hands frequently with warm water and soap, including before and after contact with food, especially raw poultry;
  • use different dishes for cooked and raw meat;
  • make sure that the meat is cooked completely;
  • do not eat raw eggs, especially homemade ones;
  • try not to come into contact with birds and their droppings, especially with sick or dead individuals;
  • do not visit bird markets.
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